Roberto Rossellini

Roberto Rossellini

writer, director, producer

Roberto Rossellini was born on May 08, 1906 in Italy. Roberto Rossellini's big-screen debut came with Luciano Serra, pilota directed by Goffredo Alessandrini in 1938. Roberto Rossellini is known for Socrates directed by Roberto Rossellini, Jean Sylvère stars as Socrate and Anne Caprile as Santippe. Roberto Rossellini has got 20 awards and 19 nominations so far. The most recent award Roberto Rossellini achieved is Taormina International Film Festival. The upcoming new movie Roberto Rossellini plays is Caligula which will be released on Feb 15, 1980.

The master filmmaker Roberto Rossellini, as one of the creators of neo-realism, is one of the most influential directors of all time. His neo-realist films influenced France's nouvelle vague movement in the 1950s and '60s that changed the face of international cinema. He also influenced American directors, including Martin Scorsese.He was born into the world of film, making his debut in Rome on May 8, 1906, the son of Elettra (Bellan), a housewife, and Angiolo Giuseppe "Beppino" Rossellini, the man who opened Italy's first cinema. He was immersed in cinema from the beginning, growing up watching movies in his father's movie-house from the time that film was first quickening as an art form. Italy was one of the places were movie-making matured, and Italian film had a huge influence on D.W. Griffith and other international directors. Between the two world wars, Hollywood would soon dictate what constituted a "well-made" film, but Rossellini would be one of the Italian directors who once again put Italy at the forefront of international cinema after the Second World War.His training in cinema was thorough and extensive and he became expert in many facets of film-making. (His brother Renzo Rossellini, also was involved in the industry, scoring films.) He did his apprenticeship as an assistant to Italian filmmakers, then got the chance to make his first film, a documentary, "Prélude à l'après-midi d'un faune", in 1937. Due to his close ties to Benito Mussolini's second son, the critic and film producer Vittorio Mussolini, he flourished in fascist Italy's cinema. Once Il Duce was deposed, Rossellini produced his first classic film, the anti-fascist Rome, ville ouverte (1945) ("Rome, Open City") in 1945, which won the Grand Prize at Cannes. Two other neo-realist classics soon followed, Païsa (1946) ("Paisan") and Allemagne année zéro (1948) ("Germany in the Year Zero"). "Rome, Open City" screenwriters Sergio Amidei and Federico Fellini were nominated for a Best Writing, Screenplay Oscar in 1947, while Rossellini himself, along with Amidei, Fellini and two others were nominated for a screen-writing Oscar in 1950 for "Paisan"."I do not want to make beautiful films, I want to make useful films," he said. Rossellini claimed, "I try to capture reality, nothing else." This led him to often cast non-professional actors, then tailor his scripts to their idiosyncrasies and life-stories to heighten the sense of realism.With other practitioners of neo-realism, Vittorio De Sica and Luchino Visconti, film was changed forever. American director Elia Kazan credits neo-realism with his own evolution as a filmmaker, away from Hollywood's idea of the well-made film to the gritty realism of Sur les quais... (1954).Rossellini had a celebrated, adulterous affair with Ingrid Bergman that was an international scandal. They became lovers on the set of Stromboli (1950) while both were married to other people and Bergman became pregnant. After they shed their spouses and married, producing three children, history repeated itself when Rossellini cheated on her with the Indian screenwriter Sonali Senroy DasGupta while he was in India at the request of Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru to help revitalize that country's film industry. It touched off another international scandal, and Nehru ousted him from the country. Rossellini later divorced Bergman to marry Das Gupta, legitimizing their child that had been born out-of-wedlock.Rossellini continued to make films until nearly his death. His last film Le messie (1975) ("The Messiah"), a story of The Passion of Christ, was released in 1975.Roberto Rossellini died of a heart attack in Rome on June 3, 1977. He was 71 years old.

  • Birthday

    May 08, 1906
  • Place of Birth

    Rome, Lazio, Italy

Known For


20 wins & 19 nominations

Taormina International Film Festival
Anima nera (1962)
Winner - Golden Charybdis
Sant Jordi Awards
Best Foreign Film (Mejor Película Extranjera)
Winner - Sant Jordi
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